The Qutub Minar Delhi is one of the most visited tourist spots in India. The minaret is situated in the Mehrauli area of Delhi in the Qutub complex which comprises of several other small but historically significant places like the Quwwat-UL-Islam mosque (the first mosque of India) and the famous Iron pillar, Alai Darwaza, the tomb of Iltitmush, Alai Minar and Tomb of Imran Zamin. The other minor monuments are major Smiths’s cupola and Sanderson’s sundial.
History Of Qutub Minar Delhi;
The Qutub Minar, Delhi was constructed by Qutb-ud-Din Aibak the one who established the Delhi Sultanate. The construction was commissioned in 1192 AD and was completed by Aibak’s successor Illtitmush. The Minaret was presumed to be named after the famous Sufi saint Qutubdin Bakhtiar Kaki. The inscriptions on the minaret suggest that the minaret and the Quwwat-UL-Islam mosque were built after demolishing 27 Hindu Temples. The origin of Qutub Minar is a controversial topic with two sets of Historians giving opposing viewpoints, the first section claims it to be a “tower of victory”to signify the beginning of Muslim rule in India while opposing this theory other historians say “the minaret was used to call the faithful for prayers”.
The world famous minaret which stands tall today has been through many disasters and all of them have a combined effect on its present day appearance. In 1368 AD the topmost floor of the minaret was struck by lighting and Feroz Shah Tughlaq got it repaired and also added two floors to it one of which made of white marble. The second natural calamity which damaged the minaret was the earthquake of 1505 and was repaired by Sikander Lodi. The most ruthless damage to Qutub Minar, Delhi was caused by the earthquake of 1803 which possibly originated from the Kumaon and Garwahl region and was repaired by Robert Smith and British army. After all these years and being through all these natural havocs the minaret still stands strong and is a symbol of pride for the nation.
The minaret is an early medieval historical structure which stands 73m tall and has a diameter of about 14m at bottom and 3m at the top with more than 350 steps leading to the top.The minaret is build of red sandstone and white marble and was modified and repaired by several rulers succeeding Qutub-ud-din Aibak.The construction of tower culture was prevalent in India before the arrival of turks and thus there is no significance that the the qutub minar was influenced by the earlier Rajput towers. The inscriptions engraved on the minaret are in the pasto-arabic and Nagri which reveal its construction history and also tell that that Firoz Shah Tughlaq and Sikander Lodi were repairers of the monument.
The Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque on the North side of the minaret was arched with a dome which was later enlarged by Illtitmush and Alauddin Khilji.The minaret has a lot of columns, beams and shafts of the earlier Hindu Temples which were destroyed and thus the monument gives a Indo-Turkish architectural look.
The Iron pillar Of Delhi which is also an imortant structure in the Qutub complex is a 7m high iron pillar of the Gupta period(402 CE) is a “corrosion free” iron pillar known for its superb level of scientific and architectural excellence of the iron smiths of ancient times.There are many inscriptions engraved on the pillar in many different languages.
Global Recognition for Qutub Minar Delhi;
The minaret is a UNESCO World Heritage site and a protected monument.
The access to the top of the Qutub Minar Delhi was barred for the general public after the accident of 1981.In December 1981 around 40 to 50 people were killed from a stampede due to electricity failure.There were around 300 to 400 people in the building during the time of the incident and most of them were school children.The accident forced the authorities to bar public entry inside the minaret.
How to Reach?
The Qutub complex in Mehrauli is very well connected by all the local means of transportation.The most convenient and reasonable way to reach the Qutub MInar Delhi is by Delhi Metro .The nearest metro station is Qutub Minar.The DMRC(Delhi Metro Rail Corporation) issued travel tokens and cards with the picture of minaret on it.
Rs 20 — Indian nationals
Rs 500- Foreign tourist
Best time to visit;
The winter season from November to March is the best time to visit the place and enjoy the the brilliant complex.
I would sum up my article and say that the beauty of a place lies in its historical essence and also gives us the correct idea of its cultural values.Know more about Delhi and its people, places and food.